Ubuntu is an open-source Linux operating system that runs on desktops, laptops, servers, among others. Most people might not want to upgrade since Ubuntu 19.10 is not an LTS version. However, 19.10 should deliver for desktop users who are looking for the latest and greatest packages and features. Let’s discuss more about it here in Brighterguide!
The new Ubuntu 19.10 ( Eoan Ermine ) is out and available for download. The latest release brings an upgraded Linux kernel series 5.3, support for AMD Navi GPUs, experimental ZFS file system support, and faster boot time, new desktop wallpaper and themes, and lot more.
For the users running 19.04, they can upgrade to 19.10 straight away. However, if they are on 18.04 LTS, the next version of LTS Ubuntu 20.04, in April 2020, was theirs. The guidelines below will help you install Ubuntu 19.10:
Step 1: First, you download Ubuntu 19.10
which may only come in 64-bit, so you’ll need a computer that supports that arch. You will need a computer or laptop so that you will be able to boot from a CD, DVD or Flash drive. These details are necessary because you will download the ISO image only. There may be alternatives to get a physical disc or flash drive, but you may have to purchase them.
- Start your computer and download Ubuntu 19.10 ISO image from this link http://releases.ubuntu.com/19.10/. Without a physical source, burn the image onto a DVD or Flash Drive.
- Right-click the ISO image on Windows machines, and select Burn disc image then choose the DVD drive with a blank DVD to burn to
- To burn to a Flash Drive, you will take a different route as there are programs that can assist you
- Burn the image and transfer the DVD or Flash Drive to the computer or laptop you wish to install Ubuntu
Step 2: From DVD/Flash drive, Boot Computer
- The image of interest is on a DVD/Flash Drive, insert the gadget(DVD/Flash drive) into the new computer then boot from there. NOTE: Different machines have different ways of specifying where to boot from, so find yours. Most likely, you can press a key when you turn your laptop, such as Esc, F2, F9, F12, which will call the function.
- Once the computer is booted, you should see it on the screen
- The Ubuntu 19.10 installer is mostly the same as before,
- Tap on the Install Ubuntu button for the installation to commence. NOTE: You can try to install Ubuntu without making changes to your computer. But since your goal is to install Ubuntu, select “Install Ubuntu” and continue
- Next, specify your keyboard layout, although the installation of Ubuntu picks US English Keyboard layout by default. could be the best place and time to make changes
- Hit Continue
- If you see nothing happening, the installation is preparing to install Ubuntu packages. You are given an option to Download updates while installing Ubuntu, which saves you time after the installation. You can also install third-party software for graphics, Wi-Fi devices, and media codes while at it.
- It is not necessary to check these boxes. However, with a stable, reliable Internet connection, you can make good use of the opportunity to download the packages you need as Ubuntu installs
- Select the installation type from this screen; the first option to Erase disk and install Ubuntu is the easiest of them. This option deletes everything on the hard drive and installs Ubuntu on it.
Option #2 For advanced users perform a custom installation
If you are an advanced user, You can choose to encrypt Ubuntu and use other advanced settings but for new users and students, select the first option to [ Erase disk and install Ubuntu ]
- Be aware that the installation erases the hard drive to install Ubuntu. Tap Continue to move to the next step
- The next screen is where you choose your timezone; type the city name you live in and click Continue
- On the next screen, you type the first user account: Your name, your username, and your password, then choose whether you want to type a password to sign in always. Once you’re done, click Continue.
- The installation should take about seven minutes, depending on how fast the computer is, so let it complete. Once the installation is done, you’ll be prompted to restart.
- The screen asking you to restart your machine will be the final screen, and the installation is complete
- Now restart the computer, ejects the disc then log in again
Once you log in, your first task is to update Ubuntu by Pressing Ctrl — Alt — T on your keyboard. Give the command to open the terminal, then proceed to Ubuntu.
8. Restart your computer once more, and you are set.
Step 3: Return to Website for students for more tutorials
After installing Ubuntu, return to the Website for Students (this website) for more tutorials on installing useful packages and software for your desktop and how to get the most out of it.
Do these things After You Install Ubuntu 19.10. We recommend that you carry out the following tasks after installing Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine). The new Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine) has highlights and new features. You can also learn how to upgrade to the latest version.
Like the Ubuntu releases before, we recommend these curated tips to users, and you can do them right after you install the software. Whether a new user is trying Ubuntu for the first time, or an advanced user, these tips are useful for all users.
1. Check for available updates
After installing new software, it is advisable to check for its updates to make sure your system is up to date. Configure it before, and you start installing the software. Press CTRL+ALT+T and run below command: Sudo apt update: Sudo appropriate upgrade. The update and upgrade should be done in a short while, and you should do a reboot.
2. Choose your favorite browser
Ubuntu 19.10 “Eoan Ermine” comes with the latest Firefox browser version, which is sufficient for most of the users. However, if Google is your cup of tea, download and install Google Chrome (deb files) directly from here.
We do not recommend using Chromium as it comes as a snap package which itself slows systems down. Alternatively, you can also try the Vivaldi browser.
3. To install a Video Codec
If you did not install restricted software to play audio and video media files when installing Ubuntu, do it now. GNOME can not play the necessary mp4 files because of restricted software. So, you need to install an open terminal and run the command below and install: Sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras. This software will allow you to play most video/audio files without any problem in Ubuntu. For an alternate video player, the next tip is for you
4. Install the necessary software
A fresh installation of Ubuntu will provide all basic applications that are needed by most users sufficiently. Having GNOME as a default desktop may limit other open source applications, which is plenty. For Ubuntu to serve you well and also for you enjoy the software, install the application below:
- To edit your images, GIMP is the app for you
- Install VLC as it is the best Media player
- Shutter the screenshot tool and quick image editor
- Google Chrome – Browser for google users.
- Leafpad – A notepad replacement. We think it is heavy.
5. Install GNOME Tweak
To install new themes, icons that will give your new Ubuntu a new look and secure management and other settings, you need to Tweak GNOME. You will be able to change system configurations easily.
6. Configure a Mail client
You need a native email client if you are a heavy user of Ubuntu. You can configure the default email client like Thunderbird. It supports email protocols and providers. Visit the Thunderbird webpage and follow the on-screen prompts and sign up or look for other alternatives online.
Backup is crucial if you intend to use the software for a while, with heavy usage, you need to create a system restore point. And d you can do this via timeshift, Which is a free utility. Timeshift simplifies work by creating system checkpoints then reinstalling them. Timeshift will help you if you accidentally break your system, installing incorrect software.
8. GNOME New Features
Explore the new features in GNOME 3.34, which the default desktop. And it comes with new substantial features like app folders to group icons.
9. You can Opt-In or Opt-Out of data collection
This tip is for privacy freaks! Anything from users’ data, usage habits, running hardware info are invaluable for companies for targeted ads and improving operating systems for the future. You can control data usage by running or change data usage collection. Navigate to settings then select the Privacy tab. To turn off the Location Services, and usage history from Ubuntu Privacy Settings
Meanwhile, we encourage you to read how to add height of edittext dynamically, how to share google calendar, and vlc media player interface Mac. Also, we have lots of download articles that you might want to read such as MX Player for PC Laptop Windows, Windows Movie Maker for Windows, YouTube Videos on Android Phone or Tablet, and Psiphon 3 for PC Windows.
10. Configure KB shortcuts
You may want to configure Keyboard shortcuts to boost your productivity. This post is a head start for anyone with an interest in using Ubuntu MATE on MacBook.
#1 How to Choose the Panel layout
The MATE desktop Environment is used by Ubuntu MATE. It has affixed system panels on the screen sides. Panels are so flexible that with them, the MATE desktop can mimic any popular desktop layouts. The MATE desktop can micmic the traditional GTK2 design, or Windows, or current Ubuntu GNOME or even Mac OS X. Ubuntu-mate 19.10 will have a desktop layout as a welcome screen, and you can select panels that resemble your desktop. MATE This will save you from the tedious process of tweaking desk panels.
If you miss this screen, you can re-open the Welcome app from the applications menu. You can also choose a panel layout from MATE Tweak, which is a default installation.
When MATE Tweak is open, look for Panel settings. A layout dropdown menu will appear, and you should choose your preferred preset. At this point, you can save your panels’ preferences as a custom preset for your convenience.
#2 Install TLP power-saving daemon
Laptops can frustrate you when it comes to power storage, And this application is for you. The developer of TLP had this to say about it, “TLP saves laptop battery power on Linux without the need to understand every technical detail.”
Install these packages on your laptop device or MacBook, then leave it to the daemon, and it will do its work efficiently. For more info and configuration, visit the TLP documentation page.
#3 Install dconf Editor
If you don’t know about the dconf Editor, it is a handy tool to configure some hidden settings of the Linux desktop. You also require conf to install some of these tools that follow. If you can’t find it in the Applications menu > System Tool, install it now: Sudo apt install dconf-editor ShCopy
#4 Hide the plank icon on the dock
The Cupertino (macOS style) layout uses a Plank dock. By default, it has the plank icon that always appears on the dock (clicking it will open Plank preferences), which looks redundant for me.
So to hide it, open the dconf Editor, Tap the� (search) icon, and search for plank, then select this path /net/launchpad/plank, then dock > dock1(the only one ). Locate show dock item as you scroll down
#5 Make changes on Brisk menu hotkey
The brisk menu is on the top left of the applications menu of your Ubuntu MATE icon. This might vary depending on the panel layout you choose to use. Check it out from the regular dropdown list menu or the full-screen icons grid like the ones found in modern desktops: They use the same hotkey.
- Launch dconf Editor, locate brisk-menu, then navigate to /com/solus-project/brisk-menu/hot-key.
- Disable the default Use to set your shortcut.
- Launch the menu by pressing the F4 key like on macOS; on MacBook keyboard.
- <Mod4>space – Launch the list with Super+space
- <Mod4>a – Similar to GNOME Shell’s activity and app launcher
- #6 Reduce indicator applet spacing
Ubuntu MATE’s systray icons notoriously have considerable spacing. To fix this, we will add some custom gtk-3 CSS overrides. Open this file or create it if it doesn’t exist: ~/.config/gtk-3.0/gtk.css. Add below CSS to the data, and you may adjust it depending on your panel’s height and theme. You can also learn how to uninstall on Mac here.
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1. Update your system
2. Allow more repositories for additional software
3. Explore The GNOME desktop
4. Install necessary media codecs
5. Add more software from the software center
>If you need a virtual box, install it
>Install the best music and video player VLC
>For games on Linux, you need steam
>To edit images, you need Gimp
>Install Google Chrome as it is an open-source
1. Insert the CD with Ubuntu, then reboot your computer from CD and boot it to a live session.
2. Install then Run Boot Repair
3. Select recommended repair
4. Reboot your system
Above is the list of stuff to do after installing whatever version of Ubuntu. The possibilities are endless. It all depends on your work and what type of software and functionalities you may need.
If you have more information about what to do after installing Ubuntu 19.10 system, please share your thoughts with us in the comments!